HEP-Astro Seminar | Simulating structure formation in different environments and the application on massive neutrinos
Chi-Ting Chiang (Brookhaven National Lab)
The observables of the large-scale structure such as galaxy number density generally depends on the density environment (of a few hundred Mpc). The dependence can traditionally be studied by performing gigantic cosmological N-body simulations and measuring the observables in different density environments. Alternatively, we perform the so-called "separate universe simulations", in which the effect of the environment is absorbed into the change of the cosmological parameters. For example, an overdense region is equivalent to a universe with positive curvature, hence the structure formation changes accordingly compared to the region without overdensity. In this talk, I will introduce the "separate universe mapping", and present how the power spectrum and halo mass function change in different density environments, which are equivalent to the squeezed bispectrum and the halo bias, respectively. I will then discuss the extension of this approach to inclusion of additional fluids such as massive neutrinos. This allows us to probe the novel scale dependence of halo bias and squeezed bispectrum caused by massive neutrinos. Finally, I will present a recent confirmation of the neutrino effect on halo bias by a different simulation technique, and discuss the impact on constraining the cosmological parameters.
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