Department of Psychology pres.
Social Brown Bag:
Rachel Fine and Cristina Salvador, Social Psychology Graduate Students
Title: Let’s Talk (or Not) About Race and Gender: A new measure of gender and race disregard and acknowledgment
We have been talking about color blind and multicultural attitudes toward race for quite a while. Could our measures need an update? Can we extend these attitudes to gender? I will present a new scale we have developed to look at how people use race and gender in both private and societal contexts and discuss how this measure may help address discrepancies in the literature.
Interdependence in Latin America: Self-assertive and Emotionally Expressive
Many cultures outside of Western European and North American cultures are typically described as interdependent and holistic, due to a stronger emphasis they supposedly place on social relations vs. personal selves. However, depending on social ecologies of different regions, there may be varying forms of interdependence across the globe. We expected Latin American culture to sanction both self-assertion (which is thought to be required to protect ingroups) and emotionally expression (which is required to relate socially in ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous groups). This is in stark contrast with East Asian cultures that value self-effacement and emotion suppression (both of which are thought to be conducive to social harmony). To address these possibilities, we tested Colombians, Japanese and European Americans (N=550) and observed that (i) Colombians are cognitively as holistic as Japanese (more so than Americans), (ii) they are as assertive as Americans (more so than Japanese), and (iii) they are emotionally as expressive as Americans (more so than Japanese). However, the types of emotions that Colombians express are primarily socially engaging, unlike Americans. Our findings provide the first comprehensive evidence that the form of interdependence common in Latin America is both self-assertive and emotionally expressive, in stark contrast against the East Asian form that is the most commonly tested in the current literature. They thereby underscores an urgent need to globalize psychological theories.
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