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Presented By: DCMB Tools and Technology Seminar

DCM&B Tools and Technology Seminar

Lulu Shang, "Spatially aware dimension reduction for spatial transcriptomics"

Spatial transcriptomics are a collection of genomic technologies that have enabled transcriptomic profiling on tissues with spatial localization information. Analyzing spatial transcriptomic data is computationally challenging, as the data collected from various spatial transcriptomic technologies are often noisy and display substantial spatial correlation across tissue locations. Here, we develop a spatially aware dimension reduction method, SpatialPCA, that can extract a low dimensional representation of the spatial transcriptomics data with biological signal and preserved spatial correlation structure, thus unlocking many existing computational tools previously developed in single-cell RNAseq studies for tailored and novel analysis of spatial transcriptomics. We illustrate the benefits of SpatialPCA for spatial domain detection and explore its utility for trajectory inference on the tissue and for high-resolution spatial map construction. In real data applications, SpatialPCA identifies key molecular and immunological signatures in a newly detected tumor surrounding microenvironment, including a tertiary lymphoid structure that shapes the gradual transcriptomic transition during tumorigenesis and metastasis. In addition, SpatialPCA detects the past neuronal developmental history that underlies the current transcriptomic landscape across tissue locations in the cortex.

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This presentation will be given remotely, with the livestream available for group viewing in 2036 Palmer Commons. There will also be a remote viewing option via Zoom.

Livestream Information

November 30, 2023 (Thursday) 12:00pm

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