HET Brown Bag | The Inconsistency of Superfluid Dark Matter with Milky Way Dynamics
Oren Slone (Princeton)
There are many well-known correlations between dark matter and baryons that exist on galactic scales. These correlations can essentially be encompassed by a simple scaling relation between observed and baryonic accelerations, historically known as the Mass Discrepancy Acceleration Relation (MDAR). The existence of such a relation has prompted many theories that attempt to explain the correlations by invoking additional fundamental forces on baryons. The standard lore has been that a theory that reduces to the MDAR on galaxy scales but behaves like cold dark matter (CDM) on larger scales provides an excellent fit to data, since CDM is desirable on scales of clusters and above. However, this statement should be revised in light of recent results showing that a fundamental force that reproduces the MDAR is challenged by Milky Way dynamics. In this study, we test this claim on the example of Superfluid Dark Matter. We find that a standard CDM model is strongly preferred over a static superfluid profile. This is due to the fact that the superfluid model over-predicts vertical accelerations, even while reproducing galactic rotation curves. Our results establish an important criterion that any dark matter model must satisfy within the Milky Way.
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